Dam History

Ethiopia’s dam history is very young. Ethiopia’s first dam was built in 1932 at the bottom of the Akaki river near Aba-Samuel, in the outskirts of Addis Ababa.

In fact, until 2000, Ethiopia had only 8 dams using 6 rivers with a total of about 381 MW; the biggest being 152 MW dam built in 1989.

However, since 2001, Ethiopia has built or is in the process of developing many new dams, ranging from 75 MW to 6,000 MW.

The GERD project is by far the most ambitious and biggest, with 6,000 MW. When the GERD project and other smaller projects are completed, Ethiopia would have a capacity of about 15,000 MW; out of which 14,619 MW of power since 2001, representing an improvement of about 97.5% of the country’s hydro power grid.

The increase of capacity from 381 to 15,000 MW is huge and when you put the power improvement in percentage, it is more than 3,937% of growth.

Ethiopia’s hydro power potential is estimated at more than 55,000 MW. This is not including other forms of power, like wind power and geo-thermal power.

The following table summarizes the hydro power projects in Ethiopia since 1932:

No. Year Built Name / River Capacity
1 1932 Aba-Samuel / Akaki 6 MW
2 1953 Tis Abai / Nile 11.5 MW
3 1960 Koka / Awash 42.5 MW
4 1966 Awash 2 / Awash 32 MW
5 1971 Awash 3 / Awash 32 MW
6 1973 Fincha / Fincha 100 MW
7 1989 Melka / Melka 152 MW
8 1990 Sor / Sor 5 MW
–  Pre-1991 6 Rivers Total 381 MW
9 2001 Tis Abai 2 / Nile 75 MW
10 2004 Gilgel Gibe I / Omo 184 MW
11 2009 Tekeze / Tekeze 310 MW
12 2009 Gilgel Gibe II / Omo 420 MW
13 2009 Genale Dawa 280 MW
14 2010 Tana Beles / Lake Tana 440 MW
15 2012 Fincha Amerti Nesse / Nile 100 MW
16 2013 Chemoga Yeda / Markos 300 MW
17 2014 Halele Worabese / Omo 440 MW
18 2014 Tendaho / Awash 0 MW (Irrigation)
19 2015 Gilgel Gibe III / Omo 1,870 MW
20 2015 Gilgel Gibe IV / Omo 2,000 MW
21 2016 Koysha / Omo 2,200 MW
22 2017 GERD / Nile 6,000 MW
After 1991 6 Rivers + 1 Lake 14,619 MW
All Time Total 12 Rivers + 1 Lake 15,000 MW
23 Coming soon Tekeze II 450 MW
24 Coming soon Genale Dawa IV 250 MW
25 Coming soon Border 800 1,200 MW
26 Coming soon Mendaia 2400 2,800 MW
27 Coming soon Bekoabo 2,100 MW
27 Coming soon Bekoabo 2,100 MW
28 Coming soon Karadobi 1,600 MW
Total Planned for Future 10,500 MW
Grand Total by 2030 or so 25,500 MW

Go Ethiopia Go!

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4 Responses

  1. Thank you so much for this great information. What a difference! Ethiopia was in the dark for too many long years. Ethiopians have awaken from their sleep and they will be unstoppable going forward!

    • W’ll make with no hesitation what so ever.

  2. W’ll make it with no hesitation what so ever.

  3. Great & Constructive information. I want to appreciative this group. Our country need this kind of positive thinking. Keep it up.

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